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Book Title: Yengeç Yürüyüşü|
The author of the book: Günter Grass
City - Country: No data
Loaded: 1868 times
Reader ratings: 7.6
Edition: Kırmızı Kedi
Date of issue: October 2016
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 5.97 MB
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İkinci Dünya Savaşı'nın son aylarında, 30 Ocak 1945 günü, Baltık Denizi'nde tüm zamanların en büyük deniz faciası yaşandı. Sovyet ordularının önünden kaçan binlerce Doğu Prusyalı mülteciyle birlikte yaralıların ve görevlilerin tıkabasa doldurduğu Wilhelm Gustloff gemisi, eksi on sekiz derece soğukta bir Sovyet denizaltısı tarafından torpillenerek battı, on bine yakın yolcudan pek azı kurtuldu. Günter Grass, bu facia üzerine yapılandırdığı romanına, gemi torpillendikten hemen sonra bir erkek çocuğu dünyaya getiren Tulla Pokriefke'nin öyküsüyle başlıyor. Tulla'nın oğlu Paul Pokriefke, olaydan tam elli yıl sonra, bir yandan bu felaketle sıkı sıkıya bağlı olan kendi kişisel tarihini anlatırken, bir yandan da bugüne dek "tabu" sayılan bir konuya -felaketin boyutuna ve savaş kurbanı sivil Alman halkının çektiği acılara- cesaretle el atıyor. 1936'da ve 1995'te işlenen, birbirine benzeyen iki cinayet bağlamında Naziler ve Neo-Naziler, Hitler iktidarı ve günümüz Almanyası'nın siyasal konumu, internetten beslenen antisemitizm kadar gemiye adını veren Nazi yönetici Wilhelm Gustloff'un ve gemiyi torpilleyen Rus komutanın öyküsü de romanın dokusuna katılıyor. Günter Grass, savaş suçlusu olarak damgalanan Almanların acılar çekmiş bir ulus olduğunu vurgularken, yurdundan sürülen ve unutulan insanların yazgılarını toplumsal belleğin yüzeyine çıkarıyor. Yengeç Yürüyüşü, bir anma ve anımsatma kitabı: Savaşı ve insan olmanın bedelini.
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Read information about the authorGünter Wilhelm Grass was a Nobel Prize-winning German novelist, poet, playwright, illustrator, graphic artist, and sculptor.
He was born in the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland). Since 1945, he lived in West Germany, but in his fiction he frequently returned to the Danzig of his childhood. He always identified himself as a Kashubian.
He is best known for his first novel, "The Tin Drum" (1959), a key text in European magic realism. His own name for this style was “broadened reality.” His other successes of the period were “Cat and Mouse” (1961) and “Dog Years” (1963). These novels, along with “The Tin Drum,” make up what Mr. Grass called his “Danzig Trilogy.”
Grass was born in the Free City of Danzig on 16 October 1927, to Willy Grass (1899-1979), a Protestant ethnic German, and Helene Grass (née Knoff, 1898-1954), a Roman Catholic of Kashubian-Polish origin. Grass was raised a Catholic. His parents had a grocery store with an attached apartment in Danzig-Langfuhr (now Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz). He has one sister, who was born in 1930.
Grass attended the Danzig Gymnasium Conradinum. He volunteered for submarine service with the Kriegsmarine "to get out of the confinement he felt as a teenager in his parents' house" which he considered - in a very negative way - civic Catholic lower middle class. In 1943 he became a Luftwaffenhelfer, then he was drafted into the Reichsarbeitsdienst, and in November 1944, shortly after his seventeenth birthday, into the Waffen-SS. The seventeen-year-old Grass saw combat with the 10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg from February 1945 until he was wounded on 20 April 1945 and sent to an American POW camp.
In 1946 and 1947 he worked in a mine and received a stonemason's education. For many years he studied sculpture and graphics, first at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, then at the Universität der Künste Berlin. He also worked as an author and traveled frequently. He married in 1954 and since 1960 lived in Berlin as well as part-time in Schleswig-Holstein. Divorced in 1978, he remarried in 1979. From 1983 to 1986 he held the presidency of the Berlin Akademie der Künste (Berlin Academy of Arts).
During the German unification process in 1989 he argued for separation of the two states, because he thought a unified Germany would resume its past aggression.
He moved to the northern German city of Lübeck in 1995.
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1999. In 2006, Grass caused controversy with his disclosure of his Waffen-SS service during the final months of World War II, which he had kept a secret until publishing his memoir that year. He died of complications of lung infection on 13th of April, 2015 at a Lübeck hospital. He was 87.
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